This is a discussion on Islamic Jordan! within the Islam in General forums, part of the Main Topics category; Islamic Jordan! Islamic Jordan...
- 22nd May 2009 #1
- 22nd May 2009 #2
Re: Islamic Jordan!
In the face of the Muslim expansion, the Byzantine emperor Heraclius gathered a large army, lead by his brother Theodorus, which fought the Muslim army at the Battle of Yarmouk in August 639 AD.
The site lays on the banks of the Yarmouk River on the Northern tip of Jordan. The Muslim army was greatly outnumbered but their commander Khalid ibn Al-Walid led them to victory. This battle gave the Muslims control of Greater Syria.
In Mazar Al-Shamali, near Irbid, is a shrine for Prophet Dawud 'David' . As a child, he slew Jalut 'Goliath' with a sling and became the second King of Israel after Talut 'Saul'. Moreover, Prophet David was one of the apostles to whom heavenly scriptures were revealed. Prophet David spent some time in Jordan whilst at odds with Saul, as well as later while on a campaign.
The tomb of the venerable companion Abul-Dardaa is located in a modern building in the village of Soam Ashunnaq near Irbid. One of the most devoted and pious of the companions, he was always by the Prophet's side.
Abul-Dardaa is best known for surpassing everyone else in memorizing, narrating and transmitting Prophet Mohammad's hadith. He took part in military campaigns and was later appointed governor of the Bahrain province.
- 22nd May 2009 #3
Re: Islamic Jordan!
See Desert Castles, Jerash, and Pella
Mu'awiyah ibn Abi Sufyan the 1st caliph of the Umayyad dynasty (661-750 AD) moved the capital of the Muslim Empire from Medina north towards Damascus. From Damascus, the Muslim empire expanded tremendously. The Umayyads gave the world a number of architectural legacies including the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem and the Great Mosque in Damascus.
In the Jordanian desert the Umayyads built pavilions, caravan stations, secluded baths and hunting lodges known as Desert Castles. Filled with mosaic pavements, fresco paintings, carved stucco depicting people, animals, events and patterns; Desert Castles stand as monuments to the spectacular and original early Islamic art.
On a hilltop, not far from Jerash, you can visit the shrine of Prophet Hud . Here is a modern mosque with a cave inside where Prophet Hud is believed buried. He preached to the people of Ad to only worship the One God instead of their idols. Prophet Hud has the 11th Sura in the Holy Qur'an named after him.
Known in Arabic as Fahl, Pella was the site of the famous Battle of Fahl, fought between Byzantines and the Muslim army led by Khalid ibn Al-Walid and Abu Ubeida Amer ibn Al-Jarrah in January 635 AD. The outcome was a Muslim victory and liberation of Jordan from Byzantine rule.
- 22nd May 2009 #4
Re: Islamic Jordan!
Not far from Ajloun is the tomb of the venerable companion Ikrimah ibn Abi Jahl marked by a collection of stones. He was one of Prophet Mohammad's bitterest enemies until he embraced Islam.
Later he distinguished himself by contributing to the spread of Islam. Martyred in the Battle of Yarmouk he also took part in the wars of Apostasy and the conquest of Greater Syria.
Also in Ajloun is a shrine for El-Khedr 'St. George' as well as in Salt, Mahes, Kerak and Bayt Ras (Irbid). St. George is not a prophet but one of Allah's righteous worshippers, servants and a favorite saint.
He has many shrines in Jordan as Allah revealed a number of miracles through him as a method of educating people on the merits of servitude to Allah . In the Holy Qur'an, his famous story with Prophet Moses is cited in Surat Al-Kahf (The Cave) (verses 64-82).
- 22nd May 2009 #5
Re: Islamic Jordan!
Join other pilgrims in the Jordan Valley and visit the tombs of Prophet Mohammad's venerable companions and military leaders who fell in battle or became victims to the Amwas Plague or Great Plague in the 18th year after Hijra.
The venerable companion Abu Ubeida Amer ibn Al-Jarrah was the Prophet's relative and one of the first converts to Islam. Among the early Muslims who fled to Abyssinia, Abu Ubeida participated in all major events. Furthermore, he is one of the 'Blessed Ten', to whom the Prophet , promised paradise.
As the supreme commander of the Northern Muslim Army, Abu Ubeida successfully conquered Greater Syria. Prophet Mohammad dubbed him "The Trustee of the Nation" because of the knowledge he acquired.
When the Prophet died, Abu Ubeida was among the candidates for the Caliphate. He believed Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq was to lead the Muslims and become Caliph because Prophet Mohammad had asked him to lead prayers upon his death.
Abu Ubeida thus managed to avoid insurrection and disunity amongst Muslims. At the age of 58, he fell victim to the Great Plague that spread through Greater Syria. In the central Jordan Valley, his tomb is a major Islamic center with a mosque, library, and a cultural center.
The handsome, generous and venerable companion Mo'ath ibn Jabal entered Islam at the age of 18. He was one of the six charged with the task of compiling the Holy Qur'an during the life of Prophet Mohammad who said of him "the most knowledgeable on what is allowed and prohibited (in Islam) is Mo'ath ibn Jabal" and that "Mo'ath will be at the forefront of all scholars on Judgment Day".
In fact, he was regarded as the most learned in matters of Halal (permissible acts) and Haram (forbidden acts). Before accompanying Abu Ubeida Amer ibn Al-Jarrah on his conquests and later succeeding him, Prophet Mohammad sent Mo'ath ibn Jabal as counselor to the people of Yemen.
He also took part in the Aqaba Allegiance Convention between the Prophet and his supporters from Medina. He died at the age of 38 in the Jordan Valley, having spent his short life teaching faith and the Holy Qur'an. Today a modern building with 5 domes houses the tomb.
The venerable companion Shurahbil ibn Hasanah was among the early Muslims who fled to Abyssinia. He was reputed for his strong faith, intelligence, bravery and successful administration. Shurahbil actively participated in the Battle of Yarmouk and the conquest of Jerusalem. When the Caliph Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq sent the Muslim armies to Greater Syria, Shurahbil was in command of the army assigned to the conquest of Jordan.
Later, the Caliph Omar ibn Al-Khattab appointed Shurahbil the governor of a province in Greater Syria, where he distinguished himself for his fair dealings with subordinates. He died from the plague on the same day as the venerable companion Abu Ubeida Amer ibn Al-Jarrah .
The venerable companion Amir ibn Abi Waqqas was the maternal cousin of the Prophet and the 11th man to convert to Islam. He was devoted to his faith, although his mother Himnah, daughter of Abi Sufyan ibn Harb ibn Umayyah, swore to stay out in the burning sun until he renounces Islam. He migrated to Abyssinia and fought in the Battle of Uhud and was later entrusted with carrying messages from the commanders of the Muslim army to the Caliph in Medina.
Furthermore, he was the deputy of the venerable companion Abu Ubeida in his governorship of the military district of Syria. You can visit his tomb located inside a new building erected on vaults, within the village of Waqqas in the northern Jordan valley.
The venerable companion Derar ibn Al-Azwar was a poet and a fierce warrior who loved combat. He fought in the wars of Apostasy and took part in the conquest of Greater Syria along with his distinguished sister Khawlah bint Al-Azwar. In the town of Deir Alla a mosque superimposed by a dome houses the tomb of Dirar ibn Al-Azwar . The 18th year after Hijra was when he, too, became a victim of the Great Plague.
- 22nd May 2009 #6
Re: Islamic Jordan!
In and around Salt are several tombs of prominent figures of Islam and others mentioned in the Holy Qur'an. Within a modern mosque in Wadi Shu'ayb lies the shrine of Prophet Shu'ayb 'Jethro' , the Midianite father-in-law of Prophet Moses and with whom Prophet Moses took refuge after he killed an Egyptian. Repeatedly he preached to his people about monotheism and to abandon their corrupt practices such as under-weighing and under-measuring the commodities they sold.
Within a mosque to the west of Salt, on a hill carrying his name lies the shrine of Prophet Yusha 'Joshua' . He was the apprentice of Prophet Moses and later his successor. Prophet Joshua led the army of the tribes of Israel in conquest over the land of Palestine.
South-west of Salt in an area known as Khirbet Ayyoub foundations of an ancient building mark the final resting place of Prophet Ayyoub 'Job' who is mentioned in the Holy Qur'an 4 times. His legendary patience and faith gave him strength to endure tremendous hardships. Ultimately Prophet Job was rewarded with blessings, as stated in the Holy Qur'an (Sura 21, verses 83-84): "And (remember) Ayyoub, when He cried to his Lord, 'Truly distress has seized me, but Thou art the Most Merciful of those that are merciful'. So We listened to him: We removed the distress that was on him, and We restored his people to him, and doubled their number, as a Grace from Ourselves, and a thing for commemoration, for all who serve Us".
A collection of stones marks the tomb of the venerable companion Maysarah ibn Masrouq Al-Abssi buried west of Salt in the town of Arda. He witnessed the Prophet's Farewell Pilgrimage and took part in the Battle of Yamamah and the conquest of Greater Syria. In the 20th year after Hijra, he became the commander of an army that successfully attacked the Byzantines, making them the first Muslim army to enter Byzantine lands.
- 22nd May 2009 #7
Re: Islamic Jordan!
In addition to the main Islamic attractions in Amman: The Citadel, Grand Husseini Mosque, and King Abdullah Mosque, Amman suburbs has many noteworthy Islamic attractions.
In Jubeha, a suburb of Amman, you can visit the tomb of the venerable companion Abdul-Rahman ibn Awf Al-Zuhri . Lined up stones mark the burial place of one of the 'Blessed Ten', to whom Prophet Mohammad promised paradise. He took part in all major battles and campaigns of Islam; including Badr, Uhud (in Medina), Al-Khandaq (the Trench), the Conquest of Mecca, and Hunayn.
He was the signatory on behalf of the Muslims at the Treaty of Hudaybiyah (west of Mecca), a compromise that was reached between Prophet Mohammad and Meccan leaders, in which Mecca gave political and religious recognition to the growing community of Muslims.
At the conquest of Jerusalem, he was one of the Muslim signatories. Abdul-Rahman was a successful businessman who shared his wealth. On one day he managed to free 31 slaves, another time he gave a caravan of 700 camels loaded with food to charity and upon his death he made a charitable will of 1000 horses and 50,000 dinars.
A modern building protects the tomb of the venerable companion Bilal ibn Rabah at the village of Bilal, in Wadi Essair another suburb of Amman. Whilst still a slave Bilal embraced Islam, which brought upon him the wrath of his master Umayyah ibn Khalaf who tried to coerce him into rejecting his faith by placing a huge rock on his chest during the peak summer heat of Mecca.
He fought bravely in the Battles of Badr and Uhud, where he was able to avenge himself from his former master. Gifted with a beautiful voice Bilal became the Prophet's personal muezzin.
A popular attraction outside of Amman is Kahf Al-Raqim or The Cave of The Seven Sleepers. Mentioned in the Holy Qur'an in a Sura named Al-Kahf (the Cave), it is located outside the village of Al-Raqim, 10 km east of Amman. Persecuted by despotic rule of Trajan for monotheism, a group of pious youths took refuge in this cave.
To preserve them, Allah put them to sleep, and when they revived 300 years later (309 lunar years as inimitability mentioned in the Holy Qur'an), they thought that they were only asleep for a day or so. Christianity was widespread by then, and when they were discovered, Allah put them to rest forever. At the cave, there still stands Byzantine and Roman ruins as well as a mosque, which exactly fit the descriptions in the Holy Qur'an.
- 22nd May 2009 #8
Re: Islamic Jordan!
Islamic Mount Nebo
A 10-minute drive from Madaba brings you to Mount Nebo, one of the most revered sites in Jordan. Here you have a magnificent view of the Dead Sea, a panorama of mountains, and the crowning heights of Jerusalem are visible in the distance. On the summit of Mount Nebo, you stand where the Prophet Musa 'Moses' looked over the Jordan River towards Palestine.
Mount Nebo also became his final resting place after leading his people from Egypt across the Sinai Desert towards the Promised Land. Allah spoke directly to Moses who then gave his people the divinely revealed laws.
It is generally acknowledged that Prophet Moses was buried on Mount Nebo, although there is no actual tomb marking the spot. The Holy Qur'an describes in detail the life and mission of Prophet Moses . In fact, Prophet Moses is the most mentioned prophet in the Holy Qur'an.
In need of water, Prophet Moses struck a rock with his staff and 12 springs emerged. Named Uyun Musa (Moses' springs) which are located near Madaba. Also near Madaba overlooking Wadi Mujib is the village of Shaqiq. In Shaqiq, the tomb of the venerable companion Abu Dharr Al-Ghifari is marked by lined up stones. Recognized for his veracity and generosity, Abu Dharr was among the first companions to follow Islam and a strong advocate of wealth distribution.
The Prophet Yahya 'John the Baptist' was the son of the Prophet Zakariyyah 'Zacharia' and continued his father's work of preaching the word of Allah . The pious and virtuous John lived, preached and baptized in the settlement of Bethany in the Jordan Valley.
John the Baptist also baptized Prophet Issa 'Jesus Christ' , at Bethany and often accompanied Jesus Christ whenever he preached. He became a prophet and an apostle when Allah addressed him saying: "O Yahya! take hold of the Book with might" [Sura 19, verse 12]. Herodias, who married her husband's brother King Herod, instigated John's beheading in King Herod's Citadel at Mukawir. John the Baptist's head was sent to Damascus, while his body remained in Mukawir.
- 22nd May 2009 #9
Re: Islamic Jordan!
Known today as Mukawir, this dramatic hilltop is the traditional site of the execution of John the Baptist (pbuh). It lies less than 20 km southwest of Madaba at the King's Highway on a stark promontory (720 m), overlooking the Dead Sea and protected on three sides by deep ravines.
A fortress was first built here by the Hasmonean ruler Alexander Jannaeus (103-76 BC) to defend Perea against the expansionist Nabataeans. His widow Alexandra, confident of the site's inviolability, stored her treasure here - to no avail, as the Romans destroyed it in 63 BC.
It was restored then by Herod the Great (37-4 BC) who, according to the contemporary historian Josephus, "built a wall round the very summit and erected towers at the corners, each 27.4 m high. In the middle of this enclosure he built a palace, breath-taking in size and beauty".
When Herod's son, Herod Antipas, divorced his Nabataean wife to marry Herodias, his brother Philip's wife, John the Baptist (pbuh) outspokenly condemned his behavior. It was at Machaerus, it is said, that John was imprisoned, and Herodias' daughter Salome danced and demanded the Baptist's head on a platter. During the Judaean war many refugees fled from Jerusalem to Machaerus for safety. It was finally destroyed, again by the Romans, in 72 AD.
- 22nd May 2009 #10
Re: Islamic Jordan!
Islamic Dead Sea
Near the Dead Sea, you can visit the famous Lot's Cave. Prophet Lut 'Lot' immigrated with his uncle, Prophet Abraham from Ur in Iraq. He went to live in the region just south of the Dead Sea.
He fled Allah's destruction of his village Sodom due to its inhabitants' immoral practices, by taking refuge in this cave with his daughters. Allah turned his wife into a pillar of salt for disobeying Allah's command not to look back at Sodom as it burnt.
When visiting the cave you will notice its topography tallying exactly with the Islamic and Biblical accounts. Furthermore, you can visit several 6th century ruins and mosaics dedicated to Lot's Cave. Prophet Lot is mentioned several times in the Holy Qur'an.
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