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Lesson One

This is a discussion on Lesson One within the Introductory Level forums, part of the Arabic category; As-salaamu alaikum Welcome to our Introductory Arabic Lessons. In these lessons we would learn the Arabic alphabets, how to pronounce ...

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    Default Lesson One

    As-salaamu alaikum

    Welcome to our Introductory Arabic Lessons.

    In these lessons we would learn the Arabic alphabets, how to pronounce them, how to join them to make words.

    Arabic language is very easy, but as it is the case with any other language, practise is what makes a difference.

    If you think you are going to learn Arabic by simply understanding a few concepts here and there, then you are mistaken.

    Arabic is not learnt over night. It takes YEARS.

    I started learning Arabic over 12 years ago, and continue to learn and practise. I can never claim that I have learnt Arabic.

    Learning Arabic requires a lot of patience and perseverance. Therefore, if ones intention is sincere, and he is determined, provided that he fears Allah in open and secret, Allah will give him the understanding of the Arabic language, and open up for him the many venues to learn various other sciences, and thereby raising his rank in Allahs sight.

    It is only a person with the aforementioned qualities, who can really enjoy the recital of the Quran and feel how the companions felt when they heard the Quran, the literal Word of God.

    Some brothers informed me that when the recited the Quran after they had learned Arabic, it was, as if Quran came to life.

    May Allah make us all from those who persevere, make our intentions purely for His sake, instil in our hearts the necessary Taqwa in open and secret and thereby grant us the understanding of His religion.

    Arabic has 28 alphabets.

    I have listed them below along with their sounds.

    The first exercise is to commit these letters to memory along with their sounds.

    Of course, this deserves a lot of practise on your own, off-the-net in your own spare time.

    Also, do take note that I will NOT be listing the names of these alphabets, but merely what they sound like. Once we are familiar with the sounds, we can then familiarise ourselves with what each of the alphabets are called. (Yes, this approach is quite phonic)

    1- a as in Apple
    2-
    ba as in Bat
    3-
    ta as in Tin
    4-
    tha as in Thunder
    5-
    ja as in Jeep
    6-
    Ha is similar to Hospital, but a lot heavier, from the throat
    7-
    Kha as in the Scottish Loch
    8-
    da as in Doll
    9-
    dha as in That
    10-
    ra as in Ring
    11-
    za as in Zoo
    12-
    sa as in Sun
    13-
    sha as in Shoe
    14-
    Sa like Sun but a lot thicker
    15-
    Da is like Doll but a lot thicker
    16-
    Ta is like Tan but a lot thicker
    17-
    Dha is like That but a lot thicker
    18-
    Aa is like Apple but a lot thicker
    19-
    Gha is a mixture of G and H, and it sounds as if your are gargling
    20-
    fa as in Far
    21-
    Qa is like Kite but a lot thicker
    22-
    ka as in Kite
    23-
    la as in Lamb
    24-
    ma as in Mother
    25-
    na as in Noon
    26-
    ha as in Hospital
    27-
    wa as in Wonder
    28-
    ya as in Young

    Notice that there are some letters that sound quite similar, yet the difference between them is that one is normal, and the other is pronounced very thick.

    Ha is similar to Hospital, but a lot heavier, unlike
    Sa like Sun but a lot thicker, unlike
    Da is like Doll but a lot thicker, unlike
    Ta is like Tan but a lot thicker, unlike
    Dha is like That but a lot thicker, unlike
    Aa is like Apple but a lot thicker, unlike
    Qa is like Kite but a lot thicker, unlike

    Refer to the following helpful link with respect to pronunciation:
    http://abcsofarabic.tripod.com/alphabetpage.htm

    Having understood the above, the first exercise we should do is putting different letters together to make various sounds.

    DO NOT worry about joining the letters YET. Simply put the letters next to each other to make the following sounds. Although, if you do end up joining them, then well and good! Remember, ARABIC IS WRITTEN FROM RIGHT TO LEFT!

    Do not yet worry about vowels either.

    Do note that small English letters represent normal Arabic letters, whereas capital English letters represent thicker/heavier Arabic letters:

    dha =
    Dha =


    Examples:

    bat =
    nad =

    khaD =


    Try the following yourselves:

    1) bal
    2) thar
    3) jan
    4) HaQ
    5) khan
    6) dak
    7) dhaS
    8) rab
    9) zaf
    10) sar
    11) shab
    12) SaH
    13) Daj
    14) Ath
    15) Ghaz
    16) fam
    17) QaA
    18) kan
    19) lab
    20) mah
    21) naQ
    22) haz
    23) yaTh
    24) aDh
    Last edited by Expergefactionist; 16th June 2006 at 11:17 AM.
    A person who never made a mistake never tried anything new.

    Albert Einstein

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    Senior Member ibn 'abd al-jabbaar's Avatar
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    Default my attempt

    as-salaamu 'alaikum

    here is my attempt. i have done them as in the examples, with the arabic text from left-to-right as opposed to the conventional right-to-left.

    1) bal =
    2) thar =
    3) jan =
    4) HaQ =
    5) khan =
    6) dak =
    7) dhaS =
    8) rab =
    9) zaf =
    10) sar =
    11) shab =
    12) SaH =
    13) Daj =
    14) Ath =
    15) Ghaz =
    16) fam =
    17) QaA =
    18) kan =
    19) lab =
    20) mah =
    21) naQ =
    22) haz =
    23) yaTh =
    24) aDh =


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    Default

    Asalaam alayukum warahmutallahi wabarakatahu,
    Here is my attempt:
    1) bal =
    2) thar =
    3) jan =
    4) HaQ =
    5) khan =
    6) dak=
    7) dhaS=
    8) rab=
    9) za=
    10) sar=
    11) shab=
    12) SaH=
    13) Daj=
    14) Ath=
    15) Ghaz=
    16) fam=
    7) QaA=
    18) kan=
    19) lab=
    20) mah=
    21) naQ=
    22) haz=
    23) yaTh=
    24) aDh=
    \"As for those who strive hard in Our cause, We will surely guide them to Our Paths (Allah\'s Religion)\" Surah Al-\'Ankabut, Ayah 69

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    Senior Member Logic lover's Avatar
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    Default Reply

    Assalamu alaikum.
    Here are my attempts:
    1) bal
    2) thar
    3) jan
    4) HaQ
    5) khan
    6) dak
    7) dhaS
    8) rab
    9) zaf
    10) sar
    11) shab
    12) SaH
    13) Daj
    14) Ath
    15) Ghaz
    16) fam
    17) QaA
    18) kan
    19) lab
    20) mah
    21) naQ
    22) haz
    23) yaTh
    24) aDh

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    2C oursels as ithers C us Umm Ahmed's Avatar
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    Default Bismillah

    1) bal =
    2) thar =
    3) jan =
    4) HaQ =
    5) khan =
    6) dak =
    7) dhaS=
    8) rab=
    9) zaf =
    10) sar =
    11) shab =
    12) SaH =
    13) Daj =
    14) Ath =
    15) Ghaz =
    16) fam =
    17) QaA =
    18) kan =
    19) lab =
    20) mah =
    21) naQ =
    22) haz =
    23) yaTh =
    24) aDh =

    Inshaa Allah thats allright, my children were all saying where is the
    Deeds are your money on the day of judgement , make sure you collect plenty now.


    Say (O Muhammad SAW):"I am not a new thing among the Messengers (of Allh) (i.e. I am not the first Messenger) nor do I know what will be done with me or with you. I only follow that which is revealed to me, and I am but a plain warner." (Al-Ahqaf 46:9)

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    2C oursels as ithers C us Umm Ahmed's Avatar
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    Default

    As salaam alaykum

    Are we waiting for more to join ? whats the next part ?
    Deeds are your money on the day of judgement , make sure you collect plenty now.


    Say (O Muhammad SAW):"I am not a new thing among the Messengers (of Allh) (i.e. I am not the first Messenger) nor do I know what will be done with me or with you. I only follow that which is revealed to me, and I am but a plain warner." (Al-Ahqaf 46:9)

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    Default

    1) bal
    2) thar
    3) jan
    4) HaQ
    5) khan
    6) dak
    7) dhaS
    8) rab
    9) zaf
    10) sar
    11) shab
    12) SaH
    13) Daj
    14) Ath
    15) Ghaz
    16) fam
    17) QaA
    18) kan
    19) lab
    20) mah
    21) naQ
    22) haz
    23) yaTh
    24) aDh



























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    Default

    as-salaamu 'alaikum...

    jazakumAllahu Khairan and well-done for those who tried!

    You all seem to have the right idea, although, you did make errors distinguishing between thick letters and normal letters.

    Remember, thick letters are represented by capital english letter.

    Therefore, s =
    and S =

    d =
    while D =

    Apart from that you all seem to have got the idea. But you still need lots and lots of practice in your own spare time.

    Make it a routine: 15 mins a day, take a piece of paper, join two random Arabic letters together, then render the sound into English.

    The idea is to get used to letters and sound.

    Anyone had any questions with respect to this lesson? Or can we move on?
    A person who never made a mistake never tried anything new.

    Albert Einstein

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    2C oursels as ithers C us Umm Ahmed's Avatar
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    Default

    Wa alaykum as salaam

    Jazak Allah Khairan. I am ready to move on InshaAllah
    Deeds are your money on the day of judgement , make sure you collect plenty now.


    Say (O Muhammad SAW):"I am not a new thing among the Messengers (of Allh) (i.e. I am not the first Messenger) nor do I know what will be done with me or with you. I only follow that which is revealed to me, and I am but a plain warner." (Al-Ahqaf 46:9)

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    Senior Member Logic lover's Avatar
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    Default Ready to move on

    Assalamu alaikum respected brother.
    I am ready to move on (not that I think I am well enough to move on).
    JazakAllah.

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