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Biography of Abdullah Ibn Al Mubarak

This is a discussion on Biography of Abdullah Ibn Al Mubarak within the Ethics and Spirituality forums, part of the Main Topics category; 'Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak (118/736 - 181/797), a renowned Khorasani scholar from Qadi 'Iyad'sTartib al-Madarik translated by Aisha Bewley He was ...

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    Default Biography of Abdullah Ibn Al Mubarak

    'Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak
    (118/736 - 181/797), a renowned Khorasani scholar

    from Qadi 'Iyad'sTartib al-Madarik
    translated by Aisha Bewley
    He was the client of the Banu Tamim, then the Banu Hanifa. His kunya was Abu 'Abdu'r-Rahman.

    He listened to Ibn Abi Layla, Hisham ibn 'Urwa, al-A'mash, Sulayman at-Tamimi, Humayd at-Tawil, Yahya ibn Sa'id, Ibn 'Awn, Musa ibn 'Uqba, the two Sufyans, al-Awza'i, Ibn Abi Dhib, Malik, Ma'mar, Shu'ba, and Haywa ibn Shurayh, and he studied with Abu 'Amr ibn al-'Ala', al-Layth and others.

    Ibn Mahdi, 'Abdu'r-Razzaq, Yahya ibn al-Qattan, Ibn Wahb and others related from him.

    Ibn Wahb said, "Ibn al-Mubarak listened to all our shaykhs except 'Amr ibn al-Harith."

    Ash-Shirazi said, "He learned fiqh with Malik and ath-Thawri, and he was the first of Abu Hanifa's companions. Then he left him and abandoned his madhhab."

    Ibn Waddah said, "In the end, he avoided mentioning Abu Hanifa in his books, and he did not read his work to people."

    Concerning his position in knowledge and praise of him
    Abu Ishaq al-Fazzari said, "Ibn al-Mubarak was the Imam of the Muslims." Al-Fazzari used to sit in front of him and ask him questions."

    Ibn Mahdi said, "I met four fuqaha': Malik, Shu'ba, Sufyan and Ibn al-Mubarak. (One of them had 'Hammad' in place of Shu'ba.) I did not see anyone with better counsel for the community than Ibn al-Mubarak. If Ibn al-Mubarak did not acknowledge a hadith, we would not acknowlege it."

    Ibn Mahdi was asked about him and and ath-Thawri and which of them was better. He said, "Ibn al-Mubarak."

    He was asked, "And if the people disagree with you?" He replied, "The people have not made any tests. I have not see the like of Ibn al-Mubarak."

    He said, "Ibn al-Mubarak related to us, and he was unique."

    When Sufyan ibn 'Uyayna was told that Ibn al-Mubarak had died, he said, "May Allah have mercy on him. He was a man of fiqh, knowledge, worship, asceticism, and generosity. He was courageous and a poet."

    He also said, "No one has come to us like Ibn al-Mubarak and Ibn Abi Ziyada."

    Muhammad ibn al-Mu'tamir said, "When ath-Thawri died, I asked my father, 'Who is the faqih of the Arabs?" He replied, "Ibn al-Mubarak."

    Al-Awza'i said to Abu 'Uthman al-Kalbi about him, "If I had seen him, I would have been delighted."

    An-Nasa'i said, "There was not known in the time of Ibn al-Mubarak anyone more glorious or excellent than him nor anyone who had more virtues than he possessed."

    Salam ibn Muti' said, "No one like him came in the east afterwards. I prefer Ibn al-Mubarak to ath-Thawri."

    Ibn Waddah said, "I listened to a group of the people of knowledge relate, 'Knowledge, taqwa, hadith, recognition of the men, poetry, generosity, worship and scrupulousness were comibined in Ibn al-Mubarak.

    The Beginning of his quest, the reason for his asceticism and the sum of his virtues and knowledge
    Qadi Abu'l-Fadl said that as-Sadafi mentioned, "When Ibn al-Mubarak came of age, his father sent him 50,000 to use for commerce. He sought after knowledge until he had spent the money. When it was gone, his father met him and said, 'What have you bought?' He brought out his books for him and said, 'This is my trade.' His father went into the house and gave him 30,000 dirhams more and said, 'Take this and follow your trade with them,' and he spent them."

    Ibn al-Mubarak said, "I studied adab for thirty years and I studied knowledge for twenty years."

    Ibn Hanbal said, "In the time of Ibn al-Mubarak, there was no one who sought after knowledge more than him. He went to the Yemen, Egypt, Syria, the Hijaz, Basra and Kufa, and whoever related knowledge and was worthy of it. He wrote from young men and old men. He omitted what was rare. He gave hadiths from books."

    Ibn Waddah said, "Ibn al-Mubarak related about 25,000 hadiths. He was asked, 'Up until when did you study knowledge?' He said, 'I hope that you will find me doing that until I die."

    Yahya ibn Yahya al-Laythi said, "A man with good deportment came one day to Malik. I used to see Malik say to him, 'Come here.' Then he made room for him in his assembly, and I did not see Malik make room for anyone else. He sat Ibn al-Mubarak near him. Sometimes Malik was asked about a question and he answered it. Then he would lean over to the man and say to him, 'What do your companions say about it?' The man would reply softly so we could not hear or understand. I saw him do that for some days, and I admired the adab of the man. I did not see him ask about anything until he departed. He was content with what he heard and Malik told us, 'This is Ibn al-Mubarak, the faqih of Khorasan.'"

    One day Ibn al-Mubarak prayed at the side of Abu Hanifa. Ibn al-Mubarak began to lift his hands in each takbir. Abu Hanifa said to him, 'Do you want to fly?' He replied, 'If I had wanted to, I would have flown in the first one.'"

    He said, "The ascetic is the one who is not happy when he gets this world and is not sad if he lacks it."

    Ibn Shahin said, "Ibn al-Mubarak was with Hammad ibn Zayd and greeted him. The people of hadith went to Hammad to ask Ibn al-Mubarak to give them hadith. Ibn al-Mubarak said, 'Glory be to Allah! Shall I give hadith while you are present?' He said, 'I beg you to do it,' or words to that effect. He said, 'Abu Isma'il Hammad ibn Zayd related to us,' and did not give any hadith except from him."

    Ibn al-Mubarak used to say, "The beginning of knowledge is the intention, then listening, then understanding, then action, then preservation, and then spreading it."

    It was said, "He went on hajj one year and raiding the next year. Whenever he came to Madina, he said to its shaykhs among the people of knowledge and decrease. Whoever wants to go on hajj, come out with me. Their provision is enough for them. He did the same when he went on raids."

    Al-Fasawi the worshipper said, "I was with Ibn al-Mubarak raiding on a cold, rainy night. He wept and I said, 'Are you weeping for the like of this?' He said, 'I am weeping for the previous nights which did not have the like of this hardship so that we could be rewarded for them.'"

    Ibn al-Musayyab said, "Ibn al-Mubarak sent 70,000 dirhams to Abu Bakr ibn 'Ayyash and said, 'Use it to stop the lack of censure of you.'"

    Nu'aym ibn Hammad said, "Ibn al-Mubarak used to stay in his house a lot. He was asked, 'Are you isolating yourself?' He said, 'How can I isolate myself when I am with the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, and his Companions?'"

    He related that Iblis came to Ibn al-Mubarak when he was doing wudu' and said, "You did not wipe.'" He said, "I did wipe." He said, "You did not wipe." He said, 'You are a claimant, so present your proof.'"

    Ibn al-Mubarak said to one of his companions, "Do not neglect a day which Allah has mentioned in 63 places in His Book."

    A man said to Ibn al-Mubarak, "Yesterday I read the entire Qur'an in a single rak'at." Ibn al-Mubarak said, "But I know a man who did not cease to recite 'Rivalry' (102) yesterday until the Subh prayer. He could not get past it," i.e. himself.

    He and another man mentioned that Ibn al-Mubarak was asked about the beginning of his quest for knowledge. He said, "I was a young man who drank nabidh-wine, loved wealth and rejoiced in those foul things. I invited some brothers of mine to a garden when the apples and other fruits were ripe, and we ate and drank until we were overcome by drunkenness and sleep. I woke up at the end of the period before dawn. I took up the lute which I played and composed:

    Is it not time that you had mercy on us
    and defied the critics and censors?

    "Then I could not make it rhyme as I wished. When I repeated it to it, the lute spoke to me as a man speaks, 'Is it not time that the hearts of those who believe should be humbled to the remembrance of Allah?' (57:15) I said, 'Yes, Lord.' I broke the lute and spilled out the nabidh, and repentance came by Allah's favour with its realities, and I turned to knowledge and worship."

    He related that 'Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak entered Kufa when he was intending to go on the hajj. There was a woman sitting on a rubbish-heap plucking a duck. It occurred to him that it was carrion. He stopped on his mule and said to her, 'Women! Is this duck carrion or sacrificed?' She said, 'Carrion.' He said, 'Then why are you plucking it?' She said, 'So that my family and I can eat it.' He said, 'Woman! Allah Almighty has forbidden you carrion while you are in a land like this!' She said, 'Man, go away.' They continued to exchange words until he said to her,'Where in Kufa do you live?' She said, 'In the quarter of the Banu so-and-so.' He said, 'By what is your house known?' She said, 'The Banu so-and-so.' He left her and went to the inn. Then he asked about the tribe and they directed him to it. He said to a man, 'You have a dirham if you come with me to the place.'

    "He went until he came to the tribe which the woman had mentioned. He said to the man, 'Go.' Then he went to the door and knocked on the door with a stick that he had. The old woman said, 'Who is it?' He said to her, 'Open the door.' She opened it part way. He said, 'Open it all the way.' Then he got off his mule and hit it with the stick and the mule went into the house. Then he said to the woman, 'This mule and the provision, money and clothes on it is yours, and you will have what is halal from it in this world and the Next.'
    "Then Ibn al-Mubarak remained hidden until the people returned from the hajj. Some of the people of his land came to him to greet him and congratualate him on the hajj. He turned to say to them, 'I had an illness and did not go on hajj this year.'
    "One of them said, 'Glory be to Allah! Did I not leave you my goods with you while we were at Mina and we were going to 'Arafat?' Another said, 'Did you not buy for me in the same way?' He turned to say, 'I do not know what you are saying. As for myself, I did not go on hajj this year.'

    "He dreamt of someone saying in the night to him, ''Abdullah, rejoice! Allah accepted your sadaqa and He sent an angel in your form who performed the hajj for you.'"

    Some of His Wisdoms, Poetry and Wit
    He said:

    Fight your tongue. The tongue is quick to kill a man.
    The tongue is the posting of the heart. It shows man his intellect.

    He said,

    I see that some people are content with the least of the deen,
    but I do not see them pleased with meagerness in this life.

    Be rich with Allah, independent of the world of the kings
    as the kings are free of the deen with their worldly things.

    He said:

    People's enjoyment of worship and taqwa is the sweetest bliss,
    not the pleasure of the wine.

    Their sources enjoy it for all their lives, and they, by Allah,
    have provision until they reach the graves.

    In a moment they obtain might and taqwa.
    Does not the enjoyment of life lie in piety and steadfastness?

    He said:

    I see every life as unhappy and miserable
    except for planting the spear in the shade of the horse

    And standing in the dark nights, vigilant,
    guarding the people in the furthest outpost.

    A man came to Ibn al-Mubarak and said to him, "May Allah be pleased with you! Describe for me those who are wild and distracted by love of Allah. He replied, "They are as I will tell you:

    Alert, on mounts as if they were a caravan desiring to pass,
    that is how they are moved.

    Their limbs are restrained from every foul action.
    Truthfulness is their school, as well as zuhd and fear.

    Another person asked him to describe the fearful. He said:

    When the night is darkest, they endure it,
    and it travels from them while they are still bowing.

    Fear dispelled their sleep, so they stood alert while the people of security
    in this world were sleeping peacefully.

    While they are prostrating under the cloak the darkness,
    their groan pierces their ribs.

    They are mute in the day by the length of their silence.
    They have tranquillity from their humility.

    He also composed:

    Seize the two rak'ats of nearness if you are free and at rest.

    When you desire to speak about the false, put glorification in its place.

    Seizing silence is better than plunging,
    even if you are eloquent in speech.

    Ibn al-Mubarak has a lot of poetry in more than one subject. He had a short poem in rajaz-metre on the Companions and the Followers and long qasidas on constancy and jihad which are famous. He has the Kitab ar-Raqa'iq which is famous, and The Book of the Objectives of Jihad.

    Ibn al-Mubarak was asked, "Who are the people?" "The scholars," he replied He was asked, "Who are the kings?" He said, "The men of detachment (zuhd)." He was asked, "Who are the rabble?" "Harthima and Khuzayma ibn Hazim," he answered. It was said, "Who are the fools?" He said, "The one who sells the Next World for the worldly portion of someone else."

    He used to say, "The trace of ink on the garment of the master of hadith is better than the perfume on the bride's garment."

    He was asked, "Which person has the best state?" He said, "The one who devotes himself to his Lord."

    Ibn al-Mubarak said, "I passed by a weaver when I had broken the throng of my sandal and he gave me with a strap. I asked, 'Did you do it for pay?' He said, 'Yes.' When I passed by him, I leaned towards him and greeted him. Then I missed him and found that he had closed his shop. I asked one of the neighbours about him. I said, 'If he is sick, I will visit him. If he is busy, I will help him. If he is poor, I will share with him.'

    "They said, 'We have no knowledge of him.' I asked permission to enter his house and he came out to me. I asked him, 'What has kept you from your shop?' He said to me, 'You, Ibn al-Mubarak. People see you inclining to me, so they have put a shirt on me which I do not deserve.'

    "I took his sleeve and went with him to the graves. I said, 'This is the grave of so-and-so. His business was such-and-such. This is the grave of so-and-so. His business was such-and-such.'

    "He said to me, 'Ibn al-Mubarak, I do not know what you are saying. The man is not all the man whom the tongues describe and the man is not all the man whom the eyes see. The man is the one whom Allah veils in his life and makes him enter the grave veiled and then He brings him out on the Day of Rising when there is no abasement or rebellion on him. That is the man.'"

    Abu Bakr al-Khatib related that al-Hasan ibn 'Isa ibn Masrajis used to pass by Ibn al-Mubarak while he was a Christian. Al-Hasan had a very beautiful face. Ibn al-Mubarak asked about him and was told, "He is a Christian." He said, "O Allah, provide him with Islam." Allah answered his supplication and al-Hasan became an excellent Muslim. He was one of the scholars of the Community and one of those who travelled in quest of knowledge and the Sunna in all regions and people studied with him. He possessed scrupulousness, intellect and reliability.

    One of the men who kept the company of Ibn al-Mubarak inclined to this world and kept the Sultan's company. He met him one day and greeted him. He said to him, "My brother!

    All is from rice, wheat and barley bread,
    And it crushes. O person! Allah has guided you from the amir's abode,

    So do not visit it! Avoid it it! They are false sparks.
    It takes away the deen and brings you near to great wrong action."

    The man was ashamed and left the Sultan's company and returned to his company.

    Concerning his position in riwaya and hadith
    One of the Sufis who had heard him say that one of the transmitters of hadith was weak, said to him, "Abu 'Abdu'r-Rahman, do you slander?" He said, "Be quiet. If we do not clarify, who will know the true from the false?"

    Ibn al-Mubarak died in Hit, returning from a naval expedition and was buried in Hit in Ramadan in 181.

    Al-Bukhari said that he was born in 118.

    When he was near death, he told Nasr, his client, "Put my head on the earth." Nasr wept. He said, "Why do you weep?" He said, "I remember what you had in it of blessing and now you are dying a stranger and a pauper." He told him, "Be quiet. I asked Allah to let me live the life of the rich and to make me die the death of the poor." Then he said, "Put me down and do not address me again unless I speak again. Put me down so that it is my last words."
    'Sorry, but I am not a lowly gangster like you guys. *I'm a professional* !!!!!!!!111111111.

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    - The believers prison -
    'Abdullah ibn Mubarak (may Allah have mercy on him) would say, "The world is the believer's prison. The best action in the prison is patience and control of one's anger. The believer has no country in the world. His land will be there tomorrow in the Afterlife."
    Wakee' ibn Jarrah once said, 'The intelligent one is he who understands the ways of Allah, not him who has understood the ways of this world.'

    MM: Your Deeds Would Shame all the Devils in Hell

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    Quote Originally Posted by Magoo View Post
    - The believers prison -
    'Abdullah ibn Mubarak (may Allah have mercy on him) would say, "The world is the believer's prison. The best action in the prison is patience and control of one's anger. The believer has no country in the world. His land will be there tomorrow in the Afterlife."
    I think this is most likely his comment derived from a narration of the Prophet peace and blessings beupon him, that the dunya is paradise of the disbeliever and prison of the believer

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    Quote Originally Posted by Ibn al Mubarak
    He said,

    I see that some people are content with the least of the deen,
    but I do not see them pleased with meagerness in this life.
    very true.

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    O You Who Worships In The Haramain
    Vicinity Of The Two Holy Masjids

    Imam-ul-Jihaad Abdullah Ibn Al-Mubaarak [This poem was written by the Imaam, Zaahid, and Mujahid Abdullah ibn al-Mubaarak (d181H) to another great Imaam and Zaahid Fudayl ibn Iyaadh (d187H). Both from amongst the Imaams of the salaf. It is found in the Tafseer of al-Haafidh Ibn Katheer (d774H)]

    Al-Hafiz ibn `Asakir mentioned in the biography of `Abdullah bin al-Mubaarak, that Muhammad bin Ibrahim bin Abi Sakinah said, While in the area of Tarsus, `Abdullah bin al-Mubaarak dictated this poem to me when I was greeting him farewell. He sent the poem with me to al-FuDayl bin`Iyadh in the year 170H:
    O you who worships in the Haramain! If you but see us, you will realise that you are only jesting in worship
    He who brings wetness to his cheek with his tears should know that our necks are being wet by our blood.
    He who tires his horses without purpose, know that our horses are getting tired in battle.
    Scent of perfume is yours, while ours is the glimmer of spears and the stench of dust [in battle].
    We were narrated about in the speech of our Prophet, an authentic statement that never lies.
    That the dust that erupts by Allaahs horses and which fills the nostrils of a man shall never be combined with the smoke of a raging Fire.
    This, the Book of Allaah speaks among us that the martyr is not dead, and the truth in Allaahs book cannot be denied.
    I met al-Fudayl ibn `Iyadh in the Sacred Masjid and gave him the letter. When he read it, his eyes became tearful and he said, Abu `Abdur-Rahman (`Abdullah bin al-Mubarak) has said the truth and offered sincere advice to me. He then asked me, Do you write the Hadeeth? I said, Yes. He said, Write this Hadeeth as reward for delivering the letter of Abu `Abdur-Rahman to me. He then dictated:
    Mansur bin al-Mu`tamir narrated to us that Abu Saalih narrated from Abu Hurayrah that a man asked, O Messenger of Allaah! Teach me a good deed that will earn me the reward of the Mujahideen in Allaahs cause. The Prophet sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam said:
    Are you able to pray continuously and fast without breaking the fast?
    The man said, O Messenger of Allaah! I cannot bear it. The Prophet sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam said:
    By He in Whose Hand is my soul! Even if you were able to do it, you would not achieve the grade of the Mujahideen in Allaahs cause. Did you not know that the horse of the Mujaahid earns rewards for him as long as it lives? [Ahmad]
    (Right click then save target as)

    A Short Story About Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak.mp3
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    Biohraphy of Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak [740-803 CE].mp3
    (Right click then save target as)

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    Default Re: Biography of Abdullah Ibn Al Mubarak

    What an amazing personality? Reading this bring tears to the eyes and burden on the heart. These are the men whom Allah blessed this nation with. Where are we compared to them? Nothing wallahi nothing. We are not even comparable to the dust on there shoes.

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    Default Re: Biography of Abdullah Ibn Al Mubarak

    Masha'Allah that is excellent
    Indeed our words will remain dead until we are killed for it, whereupon our words will spring to life ..

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    Default Re: Biography of Abdullah Ibn Al Mubarak

    Why did he stop studying under Abu Hanifa?

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    Default Re: Biography of Abdullah Ibn Al Mubarak

    asalaam alaikum

    we actually transcribed the lives of some of the heroes [from the lecture Heroes of Islam] which bro Abdul Matin linked to.

    Here you go;
    Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak (740-803 CE):p>:p>
    Born in a town called Marwin, in the Khorasan Province (which is the present day North East Iran, Northern Afghanistan, Central Asia and Persia):p>:p>
    Father was of Turkish origin and Mother from one of the Central Asian tribes:p>:p>
    Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak memorised the Quraan at a young age, whilst he was still in his home town:p>:p>
    The excellence of his memory is shown by an incidence which took place whilst he was travelling with his friend, they were both memorising the Quraan, and they came across an imam giving a khutba. Both of the friends sat down to listen to the khutba, at the end of the sermon, Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak told his friend he had memorised the whole khutba, his friend was astonished and said, youre joking right? to which Ibn al-Mubarak recounted the whole khutba from start to finish, exactly as the Imaam had said it.:p>:p>
    Imaam Shafiee said, I complained to him about the badness of my memory and he replied, Indeed knowledge is light and the light of Allah, and this light of Allah is not given to the disobedient ones.:p>:p>
    Ibn al-Mubarak was of 22 years when he travelled to Iraq in search of Knowledge. Iraq at this time was the epicentre of Knowledge. It was the seat of the Islamic Empire. Ibn al-Mubarak learnt knowledge from the Tabieen (companions of the companions of the Messenger of Allaah). One of his teachers was Imaam Abu Hanifa.:p>:p>
    Ibn al-Mubarak is known for following the Prophet Muhammed sallallahu alayhee wassalam on two things:p>:p>
    :p> :p>
    Jihaad is the highest peak of Islaam example used, Camel has a hump and the highest point of the hump is what importance Jihaad has in Islaam.:p>:p>
    :p> :p>
    :p> :p>
    :p> :p>
    :p> :p>
    What others said about Ibn al-Mubarak:p>:p>
    Imaam Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, During the era of Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak, there was no one who sought knowledge more than him, he travelled to Yemen, Egypt, Syria, Basra, Kufa, Levant.:p>:p>
    Abu Nu'aym, Master of Quraan and Hajj and Jihaad. His actions were Mubarak (blessed) and his speech was Mubarak (blessed).:p>:p>
    Ad-Dhahabi, He was the Scholar of Islaam, the leader of the Pious, spent his life in Jihaad and sponsored his brothers to study knowledge and to go on Hajj.:p>:p>
    Yahya Ibn Maeen, He was a cup overflowing with trustworthiness, a scholar of hadith, and he narrated ahadeeth from 20-21,000 books.:p>:p>
    Sufyan ibn 'Uyayna, I did not see the sahaabah better than Ibn al-Mubarak, except that they had the companionship with the Messenger of Allaah.:p>:p>
    Ismail Ibn Ayyash, There is no one on the face of this Earth like Ibn al-Mubarak. He had all the great qualities, he was honest, modest, and trustworthy, and he had taqwa.:p>:p>
    Friends, He bought together knowledge, fiqh, tahajjud, hajj, jihad, chivalry, and bravery.:p>:p>
    An-Nasa'i, There was not known at the time of Ibn al-Mubarak anyone who was most excellent or possessed the most virtues.:p>:p>
    As-Sufyan, He is the best person in the whole of the East. However, someone else disagreed and said, Abdullah Ibn al Mubarak is the best in the East and the West and all that is in between them.:p>:p>
    Al-Amree, Abdullah ibn al-Mubarak was the most suitable to be the khalifah.:p>:p>
    Ibn Hibban, He had in him characteristics that were not found in anyone else at that time.:p>:p>
    :p> :p>
    :p> :p>
    :p> :p>
    :p> :p>
    :p> :p>
    :p> :p>
    Muhaddith (Scholar of Hadeeth):p>:p>
    Would teach and learn for 10 months and then go for Jihaad for10 months:p>:p>
    Authored 9 books, the most famous Kitaab ul Jihaad one of the first ever books written on Jihaad:p>:p>
    Book on Zuhd :p>:p>
    Circles of knowledge were the biggest:p>:p>
    Narrated hadeeth which would make scholars firm in their deen and strengthen their character:p>:p>
    Excellent poet spoke in poetry so people would be attentive and easily memorize it :p>:p>
    :p> :p>
    Yayha ibn al-Yahya al-Laythee narrated::p>:p>
    Once Ibn al-Mubarak went to the town of Imaam Maalik (which was Madina). There was a huge study circle and Imaam Maalik asked Ibn al-Mubarak to sit next to him. Everybody was shocked as they had no idea who this stranger was. People would ask Imaam Maalik questions, and Imaam Maalik would turn to his left, whisper to the stranger and then give an answer to the rest of the people. (Imaam Maalik was answering the questions based on what Ibn al-Mubarak had said). Afterwards the people asked Imaam Maalik who was that man? to which Imaam Maalik replied, Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak, the Faqeeh, the Aalim of Khorasan.:p>:p>
    At the time of Ibn al-Mubarak, the khalifa was Haroon al-Rasheed. One day, his mother was on the balcony of the Khalifas estate and she saw a huge gathering of thousands of people around Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak, she asked who is that man? Someone told her that that is Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak, the faqeeh, and the aalim of Khurasan to which she replied, He should be the Khalifah, not my son, my son needs bodyguards to go out in the public, but this man is able to travel and teach in front of thousands.:p>:p>
    :p> :p>
    Hibban Abu Musa narrated, When Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak went to his first ever expedition he said, inna lillalahi wa inna ilayhi rajioun all our life we have spent gathering knowledge on the minor points of fiqh and we didnt realise the open doors of paradise are here at the battlefield, and weve left them behind all this time. And then he began to cry.:p>:p>
    :p> :p>
    Amidst a battle between the Romans and the Muslims, it was known for participants of each side to duel first. A Roman soldier killed the Muslim, then he duelled with another Muslim and killed him too, and then another Muslim and killed him too, until the same Roman had killed three Muslims. Then a man from amongst the Muslims came forward and duelled with the Roman for over an hour until he killed the Roman. After he had killed the Roman, he duelled with another Roman and killed him, and then another and killed him, until he had killed three Romans. The Man hid his face and went into the people, someone from amongst the Muslims wanted to see who it was who had killed three Romans so he followed the man and then took off his cloak which was covering his face. Only to reveal that it was indeed, Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak, the faqeeh, the aalim of Khorasan. At this, Ibn al-Mubarak said, Why have you embarrassed me? By exposing me and the good deeds I have done. The reason Ibn al-Mubarak said this was because the Sahaba would hide their good deeds exactly as they would hide their bad deeds, this was so that the intention was purified for the sake of Allaah only.:p>:p>
    :p> :p>
    Shaykh Abdullah Azzam (from his book Join the Caravan):p>:p>
    Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak travelled 2,600 km just to wage jihaad, once he went to a place and announced to the people who wants to protect the Muslim borders? So all those who were interested in participating got together, a lot of these people were poor, therefore in order to save them the embarrassment, Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak said, look, why dont we all get out money together, and as we go along, well spend the money equally amongst ourselves. So thats what they did. They put all their money together in one chest, and throughout the journey he gave the people whatever they desired, food, clothing, etc. At the end of the expedition he put more of his own money in the chest and gave it back to the people so they received more than they had put in the chest initially. When someone asked him why he did such, Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak replied, Do you not think that Allaah can bless your intentions and deeds with more wealth?:p>:p>
    :p> :p>
    :p> :p>
    :p> :p>
    :p> :p>
    :p> :p>
    :p> :p>
    (Another famous incident):p>:p>
    Al-Fudayl ibn `Ayyad was a good friend of Ibn al-Mubarak and he was also a scholar. Ibn Ayyad was a highway robber before he accepted Islaam. During his days of ignorance, once, he was climbing a balcony to meet a woman when he heard the ayah,:p>:p>
    Has not the time come for those who believe, for their hearts to become humble and tremble with the remembrance of Allaah.:p>:p>
    When he heard this ayah, he was shocked and he repented with the vow that every single year he would do Hajj.:p>:p>
    During his Hajj pilgrimage one year, Ibn Ayyad decided to write to his friend Ibn al-Mubarak (who was at the battlefield) to ask him to do hajj with him so they could feel the spirituality of this special occasion together. Ibn al-Mubarak responded to Ibn Ayyad with a long letter highlighting the importance of Jihaad. To which Fudayl ibn Ayyad replied back agreeing with Ibn al-Mubarak and saying that the real ibaadah was at the Battlefield.:p>:p>
    :p> :p>
    He was a rich tradesman, Allaah blessed him with wealth:p>:p>
    He didnt want to be dependant on others:p>:p>
    He spent very little money on himself:p>:p>
    He would sponsor people for hajj:p>:p>
    He would give money to people so they could decorate their houses and buy food to welcome those who came back from Hajj and the Battlefield:p>:p>
    His famous saying, If you have to have taqwa and go to jihad, then it has to start with your money. Be detached with your money.:p>:p>
    Person of trust Once he borrowed a pen from someone in Syria and he made his journey to Iraq, when he realised that he still had the pen with him, so he went all the way back to Syria just to return the pen.:p>:p>
    Very frequently related the hadeeth, Most of the hypocrites of my Ummah would be the Scholars and the learned ones, -> with this he was constantly reminding himself to be humble and to frequently purify his intentions.:p>:p>
    :p> :p>
    :p> :p>
    :p> :p>
    Once Hammad ibn Zayd asked Ibn al-Mubarak, where are you from? - And he said, Khorasan.:p>:p>
    Where in Khorasan? And he replied, I am from Murwin.:p>:p>
    Have you heard of this great scholar Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak? And he replied, Yes.:p>:p>
    How is he? What is he up to? so he said, I am Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak.:p>:p>
    :p> :p>
    Famous Quotes:p>:p>
    Whilst in Makkah he drank zamzam , and he made the dua I drink this zamzam to quench my thirst on the day of judgment.:p>:p>
    :p> :p>
    The beginning of knowledge is intention, :p>:p>
    Then listening,:p>:p>
    Then understanding,:p>:p>
    Then action.:p>:p>
    :p> :p>
    We sought the knowledge of the dunya and we shunned the dunya.:p>:p>
    Adab is one third of the deen.:p>:p>
    I sought knowledge for 20 years and adab for 30 years.:p>:p>
    Sahaba sought adab first and then knowledge.:p>:p>
    Many a big action is belittled by intention.:p>:p>
    :p> :p>
    Abdullah Ibn al-Mubarak died at the age of 63 on his way beck from the Battlefield, it shows that even at this age he was participating in Jihaad, InshaaAllah he died the death of a Martyr. He is buried in Iraq.
    :p> :p>

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