Al-Bahr al-Muhit fi Usul al-Fiqh

Discussion in 'Fundamentals of Law (Usul)' started by Ibn al-Iskandar, Feb 22, 2010.

  1. السلام عليكم,

    Just thought I'd share this with all of you.

    I've purchase this book due to the immense wealth in Usul that it represents, and have begun looking more closely at the author and the book itself before it arrives.

    The book has been very useful to me in what little I've read from it and I hope to benefit from it a great deal more in the near future when I begin to study more in-depth Usul al-Fiqh.

    Books Covered in al-Bahr al-Muheet fil-Usul al-Fiqh by Badr ad-Deen Az-Zarkashee

    (745-794H/1344-1392M)He is Muhammad bin Bahādir bin Abd Allah az-Zarkashī, Abu Abd Allah, Badr ad-Dīn: Ālim in Shafi’ī Fiqh and ‘Usūl, Turkish in origin, born and died in Egypt.

    He took Hadīth from al-Hāfith Maghlatā bin Qalīj. He took Recitation and Fiqh from al-’Isnawī. He also heard from ‘Imād ad-Dīn Ibn Kathīr.

    He intended to compile in his book on ‘Usūl al-Fiqh principles according to 7 schools: Shafi’ī, Hanafī, Malikī, Hanbalī, Thahirī, and Shī’ah.

    He relied upon the following scholars and their respective books in ’Usuul from each school as follows:

    Shafi’ī

    By ash-Shafi’ī: Ar-Risālah, Ikhtilāf al-Hadīth, ‘Ahkām al-Qur’ān, al-‘Umm, Sharh ar-Risālah by as-Sayrafī, ash-Shāshī, al-Juwaynī and Abul-Walīd an-Naysābūrī, al-Qīyās by al-Muzanī, Radd alā Dāwud fī ‘Inkārahu al-Qīyās and Al-‘Ithār wal-‘Inthār by ‘Ibn Surayj, ad-Dalā’il wal-‘A’lām by as-Sayrafī, the books of ash-Shāshī, Abul-Hasan bin al-Qattān, Abu Alī bin Abī Hurayrah, Abu Ishāq al-Marwazī, Abul-‘Abbās bin al-Qādhī, Abu Abd Allah az-Zubayrī, Abul-Husayn Muhammad bin Yahyā bin Surāqah al-‘Āmirī, Abul-Qāsim bin Kajj, Abu Bakr bin Fuwrak, Abu Ishāq al-‘Isfarāyīnī, Abu Hāmid al-‘Isfarāyīnī, at-Taqrīb fīl-‘Usūl wat-Tahsīl by Salīm ar-Rāzī, Abu Mansūr al-Baghdādī, Sharh al-Kifāyah wal-Jidāl by al-Qādhī Abul-Tayyib at-Tabarī, at-Tabsirat wal-Mulakhkhas, al-Ma’ūnah, al-Hudūd, al-Luma’ and its explanation by Abu Ishāq (ash-Shirāzī), Abu Nasr bin al-Qushayrī, Abul-Husayn as-Suhaylī, al-‘Awsat and al-Wajīz by ‘Ibn Burhān, al-Quwāti’ by Abul-Muthaffar bin as-Sam’ānī, at-Taqrīb wal-‘Irshād by al-Qādhī Abu Bakr, at-Talkhīs and al-Burhān by Imam al-Haramayn, al-Māzarī, al-‘Ibayārī, Ibn al-‘Allāf, ‘Ibn al-Munīr, al-Muqtarah, Mukhtasar an-Nukat by ‘Ibn ‘Atā’ Allah al-Iskandarānī, an abridged version of that by ‘Ibn al-Munīr, al-Mustasfā by al-Ghazālī, its explanation by Abu Abd Allah al-‘Abdarī called al-Mustawfā, and the Nukat of it by ‘Ibn al-Hāj al-‘Ishbīlī, ‘Ibn Rushd’s abridgement of it, ‘Ibn Shās author of al-Jawāhir, ‘Ibn Rashīq, al-Mahsūl and its abridgement and its explanation by al-‘Asfahānī and al-Qirāfī, al-‘Ahkām by al-‘Āmidī, Mukhtasar of ‘Ibn al-Hājib, an-Nahāyah by as-Safī al-Hindī and his al-Fā’iq war-Risālat as-Sayfīyah, al-‘Anwān, Sharh al-‘Umdah and Sharh al-‘Imām by ‘Ibn Daqīq al-‘Īd.

    Hanafī

    Abu Bakr ar-Rāzī, al-Lubāb by Abul-Hasan al-Bustī al-Jurjānī, as-Sarkhasī, Taqwīm al-‘Adillah by Abu Zayd, al-Mīzān by as-Samarqandī, al-Kibrīt al-‘Ahmar by Abul-Fadhl al-Khuwārizmī, al-‘Ālimī wal-Badī’ by ‘Ibn as-Sā’ātī.

    Mālikī

    Al-Jāmi’ by Abu Abd Allah Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Mujāhid bin Khuwayz bin Mindād al-Mālikī al-Basrī, al-Wāsitah wal-Mulakhkhas and al-‘Ifādah wal-‘Ajwabah al-Fākhirah by al-Qādhī Abd al-Wahhāb, al-Fusūl by Abul-Walīd al-Bājī, al-Mahsūl by ‘Ibn al-‘Arabī, Abul-‘Abbās al-Qurtubī, and al-Quwā’id by al-Qirāfī.

    Hanābilah

    At-Tamhīd by Abul-Khattāb, al-Wādhih by ‘Ibn ‘Aqīl, ar-Rawdhah by al-Maqdisī and its abridgement by at-Tūfī.

    Thāhirīyah

    ‘Usūl al-Fatwā by Abu Abd Allah Muhammad bin Sa’īd ad-Dāwudī and al-‘Ahkām by ‘Ibn Hazm.

    Mu’tazilah

    Al-‘Umdah and al-Mu’tamad by Abul-Husayn, al-Wādhih by Abu Yūsuf Abd as-Salām, an-Nukat by ‘Ibn al-‘Āridh.

    Shī’ah

    Ath-Tharī’ah by Sharīf ar-Radhī, al-Musādar by Mahmūd bin Alī al-Himsī.

    Source: Books Covered in al-Bahr al-Muheet fil-Usul al-Fiqh by Badr ad-Deen Az-Zarkashee The Companions of the Cave

    Isn't it amazing the number of books on Usul that he relied upon in this?!

    I believe one of the epithets that Ibn Hajar gave him was al-Manhajee- can you see why?
     
  2. Captain Gora

    Captain Gora RefuteEverythingThatMoves

    من دخل في العلم جملة...أَكْمِلْ
     
  3. AbdulMatin

    AbdulMatin New Member

    Salam alaikum Abu Najm,

    the book you mention is excellent - it is something of an encyclopedia in usool ul-fiqh.

    Showkani's irshaad al-fuhool is sometimes basically considered to be a shortened version of it.

    If you are planning to study usool in more detail - i only suggest that you study from a manageable source, and use bahr al-muheet as a reference book rather than as a book to learn from, as that is its role.

    May Allah increase you in Imaan and knowledge.

    AM
     
    Abu'l 'Eyse likes this.
  4. و عليك السلام أخي عبد المتين,

    I can see how one might think that I will be studying Usul al-Fiqh based only on this book- not the case at all. But what I find helpful is that al-Bahr is great in comparing the use of terms between the Mathaahib and as a reference, just as you mentioned.

    إن شاء الله, I will study more closely Ibn Uthaymin's al-Usul min Ilm al-Usul, as it seems to be more of a primer on Fiqh terminology and its employment in the Hanbali school. Then I plan on translating one of the beginner Hanbali primers- I'm thinking Umdat al-Fiqh by Ibn Qudamah.

    I needed a kind of dictionary of Fiqh, and that is why I picked up al-Bahr really...

    Has anyone translated into english Ibn Qudamah's Umdat al-Fiqh that you know of?
     
  5. I would like to post some passages from al-Bahr al-Muhit from time to time...

    Here is one about the number of 'Usul that there are:

    It is a paraphrase of the the words of az-Zarkashi...The Shaykh goes on to obliterate some of the other additional 3 principles tacked on in error.

    May Allah have mercy on az-Zarkashi...
     

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